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How to cite an IOP Conference Series paper

The following information is intended to provide an overview of how to cite articles published in the IOP Conference Series titles. Please note that the full publication record for all IOP journals and proceedings can be found in IOPscience.

  • All proceedings in IOP Conference Series are published as a single volume of the relevant title. Typically, each volume has just a single issue but very large volumes may be split into two or more issues for ease of reading and navigation.
  • Papers published in IOP Conference Series titles use an article numbering system that means that papers should be cited by using the six-digit article number in place of a page number (see examples below).
  • Every article has its own unique identifier called a Digital Object Identifier DOI (DOI).
  • Articles can be linked via the CrossRef system.
  • The pages in the PDF file of each article are numbered from 1. These page numbers should not normally be included in a reference. However, if it is desirable to indicate the length of an article, this can be done by including the number of pages, in parentheses, after the article number as shown in the articles below.

Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS)

JPCS switched to article number starting with volume 63 (2007), which means that there are two ways to cite JPCS articles depending on whether they were published before or after volume 63.

Citing articles in JPCS volumes 1 to 62

Up to, and including, volume 62 JPCS used a traditional page-numbering system so that articles in volumes 1 to 62 should be cited via year, journal name, volume and page number. For example:

G L Brovko et al 2007 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 62 1–22

Citing an article in JPCS volume 63 onwards

Articles should be cited using the article numbering style

F Martín 2007 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 88 012001

To indicate the length of an article, you would cite it as

F Martín 2007 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 88 012001 (16pp)

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (MSE)

Mueller L A et al 2008 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 17 013012

To indicate the length of an article, you would cite it as

Mueller L A et al 2008 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 17 013012 (3pp)

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (EES)

Bhatti F M et al 2008 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 42 012003

To indicate the length of an article, you would cite it as

as Bhatti F M et al 2008 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 42 012003 (3pp)